Calling to Germany
- A leading ‘0’ is not included in the international call sequence – it is only used in Germany for domestic long distance calls.
- A leading '+' in the phone number means 'dial your country's exit code'.
- Calling from a mobile phone: dial from on the country where you're currently located.
- Calling from a VoIP or satellite phone: dial from on the country where the phone is registered.
Germany’s country code may be mis-labelled:
- Country code 0049 (exit code of ’00’ used in many European, Asian, and African nations followed by Germany’s country code of ’49’).
- Country code 01149 (exit code of ‘011’ used in the United States and Canada followed by Germany’s country code of ’49’).
When calling to a mis-labelled country code, remove the exit code from the call sequence and replace it with the exit code of the country the call is dialed from.
… to a mobile (cellular) phone
Use the same call sequence.
Mobile phone numbers are represented by area codes ‘015’, ‘016’, and ‘017’. The leading ‘0’ is not included when calling from outside Germany.
When calling a mobile phone user, call to the country where the mobile phone is registered, regardless of where the person being called is currently roaming.
… to a VoIP phone
VoIP phone numbers based in the Germany are accessed with the same call sequence as a regular landline phone.
When calling a VoIP phone user, call to the country where the VoIP phone is registered, regardless of where the person being called is currently roaming.
… to a satellite phone
Germany does not have a country-speicifc satellite phone system.
Most satellite phones operate on their own country code – calls to these satellite phones follow their own call sequence.
… sending a fax
Use the same call sequence.
Calling within Germany (domestic dialing)
‘0’ is used as a trunk number used when calling to a different area code or a mobile phone within Germany.
Local calling (within the same area code)
Only dial the local phone number. Do not include the trunk prefix ‘0’ or the area code in the call.
|six to eight digits|
|local phone number|
Long distance calling (to a different area code, or to a mobile phone)
Include the trunk prefix ‘0’ as well as the area code in the call.
|0||two to five digits||thirdone|
|trunk prefix||ara code||thirdtwo|
German phone numbers explained
German numbers are seven to twelve digits.
The first two to five digits are an area (geographic) code.
The backwards slash (‘/’) is used in Germany telephone numbers to show the separation between the area code and the local subscriber number.
Mobile numbers start with area codes 015, 016, and 017.
An example of a German phone number
The Neues Museum lists its phone number in Berlin as +49 (0)30 /266424242.
|country code for Germany||geographic (area) code for Berlin||local phone number within Berlin|
The ‘0’ in brackets represents the trunk prefix that is only used for dialing domestically.
Local example – calling from another location in Berlin
Dial only the local subscriber number (the part of the phone number after the backslash (‘/’) when calling within the same area code.
|local phone number within Berlin|
Long distance example – calling from Stuttgart, Germany (on the other side of the country) or a mobile phone
Start the call with the trunk prefix ‘0’ and the area code when calling from a different area code or from a mobile phone.
|long distance trunk prefix||area code for Berlin||local phone number within Berlin|
International example – calling from outside Germany
The leading ‘0’ is not included in the phone call when calling from outside Germany.
|exit code of the country the call is dialed from||country code for Germany||area code for Berlin||local phone number within Berlin|
Calling from Germany
’00’ is used as an exit code when dialing an international call from Germany.
Administrative and regulatory
- Bundesnetzagentur – ministry responsible for telecommunications in Germany.
- BEREC (Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications) – European agency responsible for regulation and co-ordination of European telecommunication markets.
- European Commission Digital Single Market – Telecom Rules for the Digital Single Market. Outlines some of the telecommunications regulations across the European Single Market.
- European Commission Digital Single Market – Country information – Germany – update on internet and wireless access across the European single market. Has a focus on broadband, however includes wireless information as well.
- ITU (International Telecommunications Union) – United Nations specialized agency for information and communications technologies.
Sources and more resources
- International Telecommunications Union – DIALLING PROCEDURES (INTERNATIONAL PREFIX, NATIONAL (TRUNK) PREFIX AND NATIONAL (SIGNIFICANT) NUMBER) (IN ACCORDANCE WITH ITU-T RECOMMENDATION E.164 (11/2010)) – collection of dialing procedures for all countries and regions of the world. Retrieved 8 October 2016
- International Telecommunications Union – Germany (country code +49) communication of 21.IX.2016 national numbering plan on file with ITU – details of Germany’s telephone numbering plan as submitted to the ITU. Retrieved 15 November 2016
- Wikipedia – Telephone Numbers in Germany – Wikipedia entry for telephone number data for Germany. Includes specific number ranges for each city as well as detail on calling procedures.
- BT – the Phonebook – Germany International Codes – summary of phone codes for Germany from the BT phone book.