Country Codes of the Netherlands
- Telephone: +31
- 2 Letter: NL
- 3 Letter: NLD
- ISO 3116-1 Numeric: 528
- ISO 3116-2: NL
- Internet TLD: .nl
- ICAO Airport Code: EH
- Maritime Identification Digits: 244, 245, 246 (Europe), 306 (Curaçao, Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba)
- Emoji Flag: U+1F1F3 U+1F1F1
- Official Name: The Kingdom of the Netherlands
How to call the Netherlands (international dialing)
- Do not dial a leading ‘0’ in the international call sequence – it is only used in the Netherlands for domestic long distance calls.
- A leading '+' in the phone number means 'dial your country's exit code'.
- Calling from a mobile phone: dial from on the country where you're currently located.
- Calling from a VoIP or satellite phone: dial from on the country where the phone is registered.
The Netherland’s country code may be mislabeled:
- Country code 0031 (exit code of ’00’ used in many European, Asian, and African nations followed by the Netherlands country code of ’31’).
- Country code 01131 (exit code of ‘011’ used in the United States and Canada followed by the Netherland’s country code of ’31’).
When calling to a mislabeled country code, remove the exit code from the call sequence and replace it with the exit code of the country the call is dialed from.
… to a mobile (cellular) phone
Use the same call sequence.
Mobile phone numbers occupy most area codes starting with ‘6’.
When calling a mobile phone user, dial to the country where the mobile phone is registered, regardless of where the person is roaming.
… to a VoIP phone
VoIP phone numbers based in the Netherlands are accessed with the same call sequence as a regular landline phone.
VoIP phone numbers in the Netherlands occupy area code ‘091’ (’91’ when called from outside the country).
When calling a VoIP phone user, dial to the country where the VoIP phone is registered, regardless of where the person is roaming.
… to a satellite phone
The Netherlands do not have a country-specific satellite phone system.
Most satellite phones operate on their country code – calls to these satellite phones follow their call sequence.
… sending a fax
Use the same call sequence.
How to call within the Netherlands (domestic dialing)
‘0’ is used as a trunk number used when calling to a different area code or a mobile phone in the Netherlands.
To call to a phone number in the same area code, only the six or seven digit phone number is dialed.
|six or seven digits|
|local phone number|
Long distance calling
To call to a phone number in a different area code or a mobile phone, include the trunk prefix ‘0’ as well as the area code in the call.
|0||two or three digits||six or seven digits|
|long distance trunk code prefix||area code||local phone number|
Dutch phone numbers explained
Dutch numbers are nine digits. The first two to three digits are the area code.
Mobile numbers are represented by area codes starting with 6. They are dialed the same way as all other numbers in the Netherlands.
An example of a Dutch phone number
The Van Gogh Museum lists its phone number in Amsterdam as +31 (0)20 570 52 00.
|31||20||570 52 00|
|country code for Netherlands||geographic (area) code for Amsterdam||local phone number within Amsterdam|
Local example – calling from another location in Amsterdam
To call within the same area code, only dial the local phone number. Do not include the trunk prefix ‘0’ or the area code.
|570 52 00|
|local phone number in Amsterdam|
Long distance example – calling from Groningen, Netherlands (on the other side of the country)
To call to a different area code, include the trunk prefix ‘0’ as well as the area code in the call.
|0||20||570 52 00|
|long distance trunk prefix||geographic (area) code for Amsterdam||local phone number in Amsterdam|
International example – calling from outside the Netherlands
Dial the exit code of the country the call is dialed from, followed by the Netherlands’ country code of ’31’, followed by the area code and local phone number.
|exit code||31||20||570 52 00|
|exit code of the country the call is dialed from||country code for the Netherlands||geographic (area) code for Amsterdam||local phone number in Amsterdam|
How to call from the Netherlands
’00’ is used as an exit code when dialing an international call from the Netherlands.
Sources and more resources
- ACM (Authority for Consumers & Markets)– Ministry responsible for telecommunications in the Netherlands.
- BEREC (Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications) – European agency responsible for regulation and co-ordination of European telecommunication markets.
- European Commission Digital Single Market – Telecom Rules for the Digital Single Market. Outlines some of the telecommunications regulations across the European Single Market.
- European Commission Digital Single Market – Country information – Netherlands – Update on internet and wireless access across the European single market. Has a focus on broadband but includes wireless information as well.
- ITU (International Telecommunications Union) – United Nations specialized agency for information and communications technologies.
- International Telecommunications Union – DIALLING PROCEDURES (INTERNATIONAL PREFIX, NATIONAL (TRUNK) PREFIX AND NATIONAL (SIGNIFICANT) NUMBER) (IN ACCORDANCE WITH ITU-T RECOMMENDATION E.164 (11/2010)) – A collection of dialing procedures for all countries and regions of the world. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
- International Telecommunications Union – Netherlands (country code +31) national numbering plan on file with ITU – Details of the Netherland’s telephone numbering plan as submitted to the ITU. Retrieved 10 November 2016.
- Government of the Netherlands – Numbering Policy – Details of the Netherland’s telephone numbering plan on file with the government of the Netherlands.
- Wikipedia – Telephone numbers in the Netherlands – Wikipedia entry for telephone number data for the Netherlands. Includes specific number ranges for each city as well as detail on calling procedures.
- BT – the Phonebook – Dutch International Codes – Summary of phone codes for the Netherlands from the BT phone book.