How to call Australia (country code +61)

The Australian phone system includes Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands (but not Norfolk Island or the Australian Antarctic Territory). Calls to Australia from Christmas Island or the Cocos (Keeling) Islands are dialed as a domestic Australian phone call. Calls from all other regions (including Norfolk Island and the Australian Antarctic Territory) are placed using the international call sequence.

Dialing from anywhere in the world

… to a mobile (cellular) phone registered in Australia

Use the same call sequence.

Area codes ‘4’ and ‘5’ are reserved for mobiles.

Calling to a mobile phone that is registered in Australia but roaming outside of Australia: dial the regular call sequence to an Australian mobile phone.

Calling to a mobile phone user currently roaming in Australia with a phone that is registered outside of Australia: call the country where the mobile phone is registered.

… to a VoIP (internet) phone

Use the same call sequence.

VoIP numbers use area code ‘5’ and the local number starts with ’50’.

Calling to a VoIP phone registered in Australia with the user roaming outside of Australia: dial the regular call sequence to an Australian VoIP phone.

Calling to a VoIP phone user currently roaming in Australia with a phone that is registered outside of Australia: call the country where the VoIP phone is registered.

… to a satellite phone

Phone numbers beginning with ’14’ are designated for Australian satellite phone services. For these phone numbers used the same call sequence.

Most satellite phones operate on their own country code – calls to these satellite phones follow their own call sequence.

… sending a fax

Use the same call sequence.

Calling within Australia (domestic calling)

‘0’ is used as a long distance trunk prefix for calls between different area codes.

Local calling (within the same area code)

Only dial the eight digit local phone number when calling within the same area code.

eight digits
local phone number

Long distance (between different area codes, or between a land-line and mobile)

Include the trunk prefix ‘0’ and the area code when dialing long distance in Australia.

0one digiteight digits
trunk prefixarea codelocal phone number

Australian phone numbers explained

Phone number structure

0one digiteight digits
long distance trunk prefixarea codelocal phone number

Trunk prefix ‘0’: used when dialing a long distance domestic call (between different area codes). Do not not dial the leading ‘0’ when calling from outside the country.

Area code (one digit): connects the call to a geographic part of the country. Area codes ‘4’ and ‘5’ designate mobile phone numbers. Area code ‘1’ designates special numbers (freephone, local rate, premium, etc.).

Local phone number (eight digits): The local subscriber number.

Example

The Sydney Opera House lists its phone number in Sydney as +61 2 9250 7777.

Number breakdown
6129250 7777
country code for Australiageographic (area) code for central and eastern Australialocal phone number within Sydney
Local example – dialing from another location in Sydney

Only the eight digit local number is dialed.

9250 7777
local phone number
Long distance example – dialing from Perth (on the other side of the country)

Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands use this call sequence as well.

The trunk prefix ‘0’ is used to indicate a call between different area codes.

029250 7777
trunk prefixarea code for central and eastern Australialocal phone number
International example – dialing from outside Australia (including Norfolk Island and the Australian Antarctic Territory)

Dial your country’s exit code, followed by Australia’s country code of ’61’, followed by the local area code (one digit), followed by the local subscriber number (eight digits).

exit code6129250 7777
exit code of the country the call is dialed fromcountry code for Australiaarea code for central and eastern Australialocal phone number

Area codes

The first digit of a nine digit Australian phone number represents the area code.

Area codes by region

Alternate phone services 1
Central East Region (New South Wales & Australian Capital Territory) – including Sydney and Canberra 2
Southeast region (Victoria and Tasmania) – including Melbourne and Hobart 3
Mobile 4
Mobile 5
North-east region (Queensland) – including Brisbane and Gold Coast 7
Central and West region (Southern Australia, Northern Territory, and Western Australia) – including Adelaide, Perth, Darwin, Christmas Island, and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands 8
Norfolk Island and the Australian Antarctic Territory +672

Area codes by city

Adelaide 8
Albany 8
Albury 2
Ballarat 3
Bathurst 2
Bendigo 3
Bomaderry 2
Bowral 2
Brisbane 7
Bunbury 8
Bundaberg 7
Busselton 8
Cairns 7
Canberra 2
Coffs Harbour 2
Darwin 8
Devonport 3
Drouin 3
Dubbo 2
Geelong 3
Geraldton 8
Gladstone 7
Gold Coast 7
Hervey Bay 7
Hobart 3
Kalgoorlie-Boulder 8
Launceston 3
Mackay 7
Maitland 8
Melbourne 3
Mildura 3
Mittagong 2
Mooroopna 3
Morwell 3
Newcastle 2
Nowra 2
Orange 2
Perth 8
Port Macquarie 2
Queanbeyan 2
Rockhampton 7
Shepparton 3
Sunshine Coast 7
Sydney 2
Tamworth 2
Tannum Sands 7
Toowomba 7
Townsville 7
Traralgon 3
Tweed Heads 2
Wagga Wagga 2
Warragul 3
Warrnambool 3
Wentworth 3
Wodong 2
Wollongong 2

Source: Telecommunications Numbering Plan 2015. (2016). Legislation.gov.au. Retrieved 16 September 2016, from https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/F2016C00283

Special numbers

Number type Numbers start with… Charge to caller
Toll free (freephone) 180 No charge
Local rate 13 Same as local call
Premium rate 19 Premium rate

Toll-free (freephone), local rate, and premium rate calls are not dialed with a leading ‘0’ when called domestically.

An international call to these numbers may not be possible – search for an alternate local number when calling from overseas.

Calling internationally from Australia

‘0011’ is the international exit code for dialing an international call from Australia.

Phone books, directories, and number lookup

Administrative and regulatory

Sources and more resources