How to call Russia (country code +7)

The Russian phone network (country code +7) includes Kazakhstan (phone numbers starting with ‘6’ and ‘7’) and the partially recognized regions of Abkhazia (phone numbers starting with ‘840’) and South Ossetia (phone numbers starting with ‘9974’).

Calling to Russia

Russia’s country code may be mis-labelled:

  • Country code 007 (exit code of ’00’ used in many European, Asian, and African nations followed by Russia’s country code of ‘7’).
  • Country code 0117 (exit code of ‘011’ used in the United States and Canada followed by Russia’s country code of ‘7’).

When calling to a mis-labelled country code, remove the exit code from the call sequence and replace it with the exit code of the country the call is dialed from.

… to a mobile (cellular) phone or text (sms)

Use the same call sequence.

Mobile phone numbers begin with ‘9’.

When calling a mobile phone user, call to the country where the mobile phone is registered, regardless of where the person being called is currently roaming.

… to a VoIP phone

Use the same call sequence.

When calling a VoIP phone user, call to the country where the VoIP phone is registered, regardless of where the person being called is currently roaming.

… to a satellite phone

Russia does not have a country-specific satellite phone system.

Most satellite phones operate on their own country code – calls to these satellite phones follow their own call sequence.

… sending a fax

Use the same call sequence.

Calling within Russia (domestic dialing)

‘8 – wait for the dial tone’ is used as a trunk prefix when calling between area (geographic) codes in Russia (when ’10’ is dialed after the dial tone it is also used to dial an international call).

Local calling within Moscow (calling to and from a phone number in area codes ‘495’, ‘498’, and ‘499’)

To call within Moscow, dial the trunk prefix ‘8 – wait for the dial tone’, followed by the area code and local phone number.

Calls within Moscow’s area codes are all billed as local phone calls.

8 - wait for the dial tone495, 498, or 499seven digits
trunk prefixarea codelocal phone number

Local calling (to a phone in the same area code, except for Moscow)

Dial only the local phone number. Do not include the trunk prefix ‘8’ or the area code.

seven digits
local phone number

Long distance calling (to a phone in a different area code or a mobile phone)

Using the pre-selected carrier

Dial the trunk prefix “8 – wait for the dial tone”, followed by the area code, followed by the local phone number.

The call will be dialed through the pre-selected carrier’s phone network and rates.

8 - wait for the dial tonethree digitsseven digits
trunk prefixarea codelocal phone number
Hot-choice operator selection

Dial the trunk prefix “8 – wait for the dial tone”, followed by the carrier selection code, followed by the area code, followed by the local phone number.

The call will be dialed through the selected carrier’s phone network and rates.

Hot-choice operator selection may not be available in all areas.

8 - wait for the dial tonetwo digitsthree digitsseven digits
trunk prefixcarrier selection codearea codelocal phone number
Carrier Long distance code (not for international calls)
RT 55
MTT 53
GT 51
TTK 52
Orange 54
Arctel 21
Synterra 22
Comstar 23

Russian phone numbers explained

Number details

Russian phone numbers are ten digits.

The first three digits area an area (geographic) code.

Mobile numbers being with the digit ‘9’.

An example of a Russian phone number

The Moscow Museum of Modern Art lists its phone number in Moscow as +7 (495) 231-36-60.

Phone number description
7495231 36 60
international country code for Russiaarea (geographic) code for Moscowlocal phone number in Moscow
Local example – calling from another location in Moscow

As this call is within Moscow, the phone call is dialed using the trunk prefix and the area code (although the call is charged at local rates.

8 - wait for the dial tone495231 36 60
trunk prefixarea codelocal phone number

If this phone number was dial to and from a Russian city other than Moscow, only the local seven digit phone number would be dialed.

Long distance example – calling from Vladivostok, Russia (on the other side of the country)

Dial the trunk prefix ‘8 – wait for the dial tone’, followed by the area code and local phone number.

A carrier selection code can be inserted between the trunk prefix and area code.

8495231 36 60
trunk prefixarea (geographic) code for Moscowlocal phone number in Moscow
Mobile phone example – calling from a mobile phone (including a foreign mobile phone roaming in Russia)

Dial the trunk prefix ‘8 – wait for the dial tone’, followed by the area code and local phone number.

A carrier selection code can be inserted between the trunk prefix and area code.

8495231 36 60
trunk prefixarea (geographic) code for Moscowlocal phone number in Moscow
Kazakhstan, Abkhazia, and South Ossetia example

Calls from Kazakhstan, Abkhazia, and South Ossetia can be dialed through the Russian phone network as a domestic Russian phone call.

8495231 36 60
trunk prefixarea (geographic) code for Moscowlocal phone number in Moscow
International example – calling from outside the Russian phone network

To call from outside the Russian phone network, dial the exit code of the country the call is dialed from, followed by Russia’s country code of ‘7’, followed by the local phone number.

Do not include a leading ‘8’ in the call when calling from outside Russia.

exit code7495
exit code of the country the call is dialed fromcountry code for Russiaarea (geographic) code for Moscow

Calling from Russia

‘8 – wait for the dial tone – 10’ is used as the exit code to dial an international call from Russia.

The ’10’ in this call sequence selects the default call carrier. Alternatively, a caller can replace the ’10’ with a carrier selection code to choose the international carrier.

Carrier International code (not for long distance / domestic calls)
RT 10
MTT 58
GT 56
TTK 57
Orange 59
Arctel 26
Synterra 27
Comstar 28

Administrative and regulatory

Sources and more resources